Determined to crush Texas rebels, Santa Anna took command of the Mexican army that invaded Texas in 1836. On September 29, 1835, a detachment of the Mexican army arrived in Gonzales, Texas, a Mexican state, to confiscate a cannon. The cannon was well hidden, but eighteen armed men were in plain sight. They made fun of Mexicans to come and take him. The two sides spoke and mocked, but no action was taken.
However, the small band of men grew to 167 in two days. Early the next morning, Texans attacked the Mexican camp believing they were going to attack that day (Lord 3). With this attack, the Texas Revolution began. It was a revolution that Texas would finally win.
One of the biggest supporters to the Texas cause was Santa Anna, the Mexican president, who provided the cause for the revolution, aroused the anger and zeal of Texans, and made Texans win the final battle in San Jacinto. In June 1810, when he was sixteen, Santa Anna joined the infantry regiment (infantryman) of Vera Cruz as a cadet, the lowest rank. Despite Santa Anna's own lack of understanding or real concern about the meaning of the word republic (a democratic form of government in which power is held by the people, rather than an individual ruler), he joined Guerrero and two other leaders, Guadalupe Victoria (1785-184) and Nicolás Bravo (1787-185), in overthrowing Iturbide and declare Mexico a republic. Although Santa Anna defeated the Texas rebels in the Battle of the Alamo in March, Santa Anna was captured in April and forced to negotiate for Texas independence.
One of the most important figures in 19th century Mexico, Antonio López Santa Anna was a general who led his nation's forces against those of the United States during the Mexican-American War. After reassuming the presidency in 1842, Santa Anna exhumed her wrinkled leg, paraded it to Mexico City in an ornate carriage, and buried it under a cemetery monument at an elaborate state funeral that included cannon salvos, poetry and lofty prayers. Victoria was now elected president of Mexico, while Santa Anna retired to her country farm, Manga de Clavo. When Santa Anna's personal secretary and interpreter showed the material to his friend Thomas Adams, the amateur inventor was intrigued and thought he could use it to produce a rubber substitute.
The following year, Santa Anna resumed the role of military leader when Spain landed troops in Vera Cruz in a final attempt to reconquer Mexico. After seeing a portrait of Napoleon heroically riding ahead of his troops, Santa Anna decided to lead his troops from the front as well, imitating the tactics of his hero, even causing his troops to march in the same way as Napoleon's army, to the precise centimeter. Santa Anna disappeared during the battle, so the next day General Houston ordered a thorough search of the island. After regaining honor at the famous fall of the Alamo in 1836, Santa Anna felt that her work in Texas was finished.
Santa Anna himself was forced to leave many belongings behind, including a spare wooden leg that was a treasured memory for the U. If only Santa Anna had done any of these things, Texas would probably remain a Mexican state; however, Santa Anna did none of these things. As a result, the small army grew and, under the leadership of frontier Sam Houston (1793-1863; see biographical entry), launched a successful surprise attack on Santa Anna's troops at the Battle of San Jacinto (named after the river near which it took place) on April 21, 1836. Santa Anna showed skill and courage as a soldier, but sometimes got into trouble because of gambling debts. Although Santa Anna received no jail sentence as a result of the investigation, she was again ordered to exile him from the country.